The Via Dolorosa
1. The Via Dolorosa starts (Station 1) at the original place of the Antonia Fortress, which is currently a Muslim Elementary School.
2. Station 1 is located on Lion’s Gate St., several hundred yards (m.) inside the Old City west of the Lion’s Gate.
3. The Via Dolorosa ends at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
1. Via Dolorosa means “The Painful Path.”
2. It’s the route Jesus walked as he went from His trial before Pilate at Antonia’s Fortress to His crucifixion at Golgotha.
3. The Via Dolorosa has 14 stations honoring the events that took place as Christ made His way to Golgotha to be crucified.
4. In the 4th century, Byzantine pilgrims followed a similar path to the one taken today but did not stop along the way.
5. During the 8th century the route changed, it began at the Garden of Gethsemane, headed south to Mount Zion, then returned around the Temple Mount to the Holy Sepulchre.
6. The present route was marked out by the Franciscans in 1342 after the Ottoman Sultan granted them authority over the Christian holy sites in Jerusalem.
7. Nine of the events are biblical, and five are taken from traditional beliefs handed down over the centuries.
Places of Interest
1. Lions’ Gate
2. Temple Mount
3. Antonia Fortress
4. Church of the Holy Sepulchre
5. Ecce Homo Arch
6. Original stone pavement section
7. Old City wall in the time of Christ
The 14 Stations of the Via Dolorosa
The stations that are biblical will have Bible verses after them clarifying the events (Stations 1, 2, 5, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14).
The stations that have been handed down from tradition will just list the event that is believed to have happened there (Stations 3, 4, 6, 7, 9).
Stations 1–9 each have a large rounded metal plaque with Roman numerals marking their locations. Stations 10—14 are located at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
1. Station 1: Jesus is condemned to death. Location: Umariya Muslim Elementary School, which is where the Antonia Fortress was located. Permission is needed to enter the school courtyard. However, if permission is not granted, this event can be commemorated outside the school.
Matthew 27:27: Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the governor's headquarters, and they gathered the whole battalion before him.
Luke 23: 13–25: Pilate then called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, 14 and said to them, "You brought me this man as one who was misleading the people. And after examining him before you, behold, I did not find this man guilty of any of your charges against him. 15 Neither did Herod, for he sent him back to us. Look, nothing deserving death has been done by him. 16 I will, therefore, punish and release him." 18 But they all cried out together, "Away with this man, and release to us Barabbas"— 19 a man who had been thrown into prison for an insurrection started in the city and for murder. 20 Pilate addressed them once more, desiring to release Jesus, 21 but they kept shouting, "Crucify, crucify him!" 22 A third time he said to them, "Why, what evil has he done? I have found in him no guilt deserving death. I will, therefore, punish and release him." 23 But they were urgent, demanding with loud cries that he should be crucified. And their voices prevailed. 24 So Pilate decided that their demand should be granted. 25 He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, for whom they asked, but he delivered Jesus over to their will.
2. Station 2: Jesus is given His cross. Location: Church of Condemnation/Flagellation across from Station 1.
John 19:16–17: So he delivered him over to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus, 17 and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha.
Between Stations 2 and 3 is Ecco Homo Arch (behold the man).
3. Station 3: Jesus falls the first time. Location: take a left (south) at the corner of Via Dolorosa St. and Al Wad St. and Station 3 is immediately on the left.
In front of Station 3, are old stones on the street from the time of Christ that were discovered underneath this area and placed here for all to see.
4. Station 4: Jesus meets His mother. Located a short distance southward from Station 3 on El-Wad St.
5. Station 5: Simon of Cyrene carries Christ’s cross. Located at the corner of Via Dolorosa St. and El-Wad St. From this corner the street takes a sharp turn to the right and then starts ascending uphill with a series of stairs along the way.
Matthew 27:31–32: And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the robe and put his own clothes on him and led him away to crucify him. 32 As they went out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name. They compelled this man to carry his cross.
6. Station 6: Veronica wipes the face of Jesus. Location: on Via Dolorosa St. up from station 5.
According to tradition, Veronica felt compassion when she saw Jesus carrying his cross to Golgotha and gave him her veil so that he could wipe his forehead. Jesus supposedly wiped His face and then handed it back to her with the image of His face miraculously impressed upon her veil. Veronica means true image in Latin.
A short distance before Station 7, part of the original wall of the city can be seen. Golgotha was outside the city during the time of Christ, and this wall marks the exit out of the city.
7. Station 7: Jesus falls the second time. Location: at the corner of Via Dolorosa St. and Khan es-Zeit St.
8. Station 8: Jesus meets the daughters of Jerusalem. Location: from Station 7, take a step to the right and walk up Ma'alot E-Khanka St. a short distance.
Luke 23:27–31: And there followed him a great multitude of the people and of women who were mourning and lamenting for him. 28 But turning to them Jesus said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29 For behold, the days are coming when they will say, 'Blessed are the barren and the wombs that never bore and the breasts that never nursed!' 30 Then they will begin to say to the mountains, 'Fall on us,' and to the hills, 'Cover us.' 31 For if they do these things when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?”
9. Station 9: Jesus falls the third time. Location: walk back down to Station 7, take a right (south) on Beit HaBad St. Continue on Beit HaBad St. for about 75 yards (70 meters) and you will notice on the right a stairway leading to Station 9. Station 9 is the hardest to find. It’s located by the Coptic Patriarchate Building, through a narrow alley.
Stations 10–14 are at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. Location: from Station 9, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre can be accessed two ways: (1) by a green door that leads to the courtyard of the Holy Sepulcher (2) by returning to Beit HaBad St. and continuing south, then take a right on Shuk ha-Tsaba'im St. and follow it to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
10. Station 10: Jesus is stripped of His garments. Location: in a room outside the church called The Chapel of the Franks, on the right side of the church entrance.
John 19:23–24: When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic. But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom, 24 so they said to one another, "Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture which says, "They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.” So the soldiers did these things.
11. Station 11: Jesus arrives at Golgotha and is nailed to the cross. Location: just after entering the church, take a right and go up the stairs to the second level. A Franciscan altar marks Station 11.
John 19:17–18: And he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha. There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them.
12. Station 12: Jesus dies on the cross. Location: beside Station 11, a Greek Orthodox crucifixion altar marks Station 12.
Matthew 27:45–54: Now from the sixth hour [12:00 pm] there was darkness over all the land until the ninth hour [3:00 pm]. 46 And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, saying, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” that is, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” 47 And some of the bystanders, hearing it, said, “This man is calling Elijah.” 48 And one of them at once ran and took a sponge, filled it with sour wine, and put it on a reed and gave it to him to drink. 49 But the others said, “Wait, let us see whether Elijah will come to save him.” 50 And Jesus cried out again with a loud voice and yielded up his spirit. 51 And behold, the curtain of the temple was torn in two, from top to bottom. And the earth shook, and the rocks were split. 52 The tombs also were opened. And many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised, 53 and coming out of the tombs after his resurrection they went into the holy city and appeared to many. 54 When the centurion and those who were with him, keeping watch over Jesus, saw the earthquake and what took place, they were filled with awe and said, “Truly this was the Son of God!”
Beside Station 12 is a large cracked rock which is believed to have been caused by the earthquake at Christ’s death. On the lower level of the church, this rock can be seen as well.(Video) Holy Land 17-Day Tour Trips to Israel , Affordable Bible & Christ Centered Trips by HolyLandSite.com
13. Station 13: Jesus' body is removed from the cross. Location: on the ground level of the church in front of its entrance. This station is marked by a large marble slab with adornments hanging above it.
John 19:38–40: After these things, Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away his body. 39 Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds in weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews.
14. Station 14: Jesus is laid in the tomb and covered in incense. Location: in the large rotunda of the church a large enclosed tomb marks Station 14.
John 19:41–42: Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. 42 So because of the Jewish day of Preparation, since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.
For a more detailed look at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, please see Church of the Holy Sepulchre.
Faith Lesson from the Via Dolorosa
1. Roman Crucifixion always took place in the most public areas as possible.
2. Jesus was led through the busy streets for maximum humiliation.
3. Christ’s crucifixion happened on the day of Passover, so Jerusalem was at its busiest time of year, and there could have easily been around 150,000 people present in the city at this time.
4. The blood lost during the floggings, the crown of thorns, and beatings were unbearable and life-threatening.
5. Christ was so weak that Simon of Cyrene had to carry His cross most of the way to Golgotha.
6. The total time elapsed from Christ’s suffering that began in the Garden of Gethsemane to His death on the cross was about 18 hours of sleepless, intense torment and pain.
7. The physical suffering was only a drop in the bucket compared to the spiritual suffering Christ endured in order to pay for our sins.
8. Do we really understand the price that was paid for the forgiveness of our sins, the privilege we have of being right with God, and the gift of eternal life in heaven?
9. Do we warn others of the reality of the judgments of God and the price of rejecting Christ’s gift of forgiveness and eternal life?
10. If we refuse to believe in the existence of a literal hell, then all Christ suffered has little meaning or purpose. This would be a horrendous slap in the face of Christ for all He did on the cross.
Jerusalem is known as the Holy Land. It is a city in the Middle East, and it is located between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea. Jerusalem is sacred to many religions like Judaism, Islam, and Christianity.What 3 cities are in the Holy Land? ›
- Bethlehem — the town where Jesus was born, the City of David, who was the great King of Israel.
- Nazareth — widely believed to be where Jesus spent his childhood and early adult life.
- Sea of Galilee — the area in which Jesus did much of his ministry.
Western Wall, Israel
Israel is acknowledged as the Holy Land in Judaism, Islam, and Christianity, and Jerusalem's Western Wall is its holiest site.
Bethlehem lies 10 kilometres south of the city of Jerusalem, in the fertile limestone hill country of the Holy Land. Since at least the 2nd century AD people have believed that the place where the Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem, now stands is where Jesus was born.Why is the Holy Land important to Christians? ›
For the Christian, the Holy Land is birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth and the site of his ministry; for the Moslem, Jerusalem's Dome of the Rock marks the spot from which the Prophet Mohammed is said to have ascended to heaven.Can you visit where Jesus was crucified? ›
There are two sites you can visit to see where Jesus was crucified. The first is within the church building of the Church of the Sepulchre outside the second wall of Jerusalem in the Christian Quarter of the old city. The second site is known as Gordon's Calvary.What is the holiest city in the Bible? ›
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Christianity originated with the ministry of Jesus, a Jewish teacher and healer who proclaimed the imminent Kingdom of God and was crucified c. AD 30–33 in Jerusalem in the Roman province of Judea.Who is the rightful owner of Jerusalem? ›
|Jerusalem יְרוּשָׁלַיִם (Hebrew) القُدس (Arabic)|
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It was hardly a surprise when the Holy Land Experience (HLE) permanently closed in August 2021. Fans and critics alike had witnessed HLE's protracted decline. Located eleven miles northeast of Walt Disney World, the bible-themed attraction had been a controversial member of Orlando's theme park community since 2001.Where is the Tomb of Jesus located? ›
The renovated Tomb where Jesus is thought to be buried, at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in the Old City of Jerusalem.Which is largest holy place in the world? ›
Inside the Vatican the largest church in history, St. Peter's Basilica (L.: Basilica Sancti Petri), is the location of the Papal office and the living quarters of the Pope (in the Apostolic Palace), as well as Vatican Hill – atop which are Saint Peter's tomb and place of crucifixion, his throne, and his baldachin.What is the holiest place for Christians? ›
Church of the Holy Sepulchre: Jerusalem is generally considered the cradle of Christianity.What is Jesus real birthday? ›
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25, but it wasn't always. Dec. 25 is not the date mentioned in the Bible as the day of Jesus's birth; the Bible is actually silent on the day or the time of year when Mary was said to have given birth to him in Bethlehem. The earliest Christians did not celebrate his birth.Why is the land so important to God? ›
The land was ultimately a place where God could dwell with humans—the place where God's space and humans' space overlapped. In the garden, humans walked with God in the cool of the day, experiencing his gracious gifts and ruling over creation with him.Why did God choose Israel as the Holy Land? ›
In the view of some, Israel was chosen by God out of unmerited, unrequited love. As Rabbi Akibah put it: Beloved are Israel for they are called children of the All-present, as it is said, "You are children unto the Lord your God" (Deuteronomy 14:1).
Leviticus 25:23—The land is the Lord's land, and it is His to assign and dispose of. Deuteronomy 32:43—“Rejoice, O Gentiles, with His people … He will provide atonement for His land and His people.” 2 Chronicles 7:20—God says, “[If the people violate Me], I will uproot them from My land which I have given them.”Where is God buried? ›
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Considering Jesus' varying chronology, he was 33 to 40 years old at his time of death.Where are people still crucified? ›
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia still uses crucifixion, not a great deal but they do use it for the worst of the crimes. There are other nations that still have crucifixion as an option, but often times the individual is beheaded first and displayed on a cross.What do the 12 gates in heaven represent? ›
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- A wooden ark, gilded inside and outside, for the Tablets of the Covenant, with a pure gold cover as the "mercy seat" for the Divine Presence;
- A gilt table for the "Table of Showbread", on which loaves of bread were arranged;
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The Bible's Old Testament is very similar to the Hebrew Bible, which has origins in the ancient religion of Judaism.What was the first religion? ›
Sometimes called the official religion of ancient Persia, Zoroastrianism is one of the world's oldest surviving religions, with teachings older than Buddhism, older than Judaism, and far older than Christianity or Islam. Zoroastrianism is thought to have arisen “in the late second millennium B.C.E.
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Israel claims the whole of Jerusalem as its capital, while the Palestinians claim East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state. The US is one of only a handful of countries to recognise the city as Israel's capital.Who owned Palestine first? ›
Palestine's Early Roots
Throughout history, Palestine has been ruled by numerous groups, including the Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Fatimids, Seljuk Turks, Crusaders, Egyptians and Mamelukes. From about 1517 to 1917, the Ottoman Empire ruled much of the region.
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In the Kidron Valley, at the foot of the Mount of Olives, near the Garden of Gethsemane and the Church of All Nations, lies Mary's Tomb.
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Ranking the Faithful
Saudi Arabia has edged out Israel as the country perceived as the most religious, according to data from the 2022 Best Countries rankings from U.S. News, a characterization of 85 countries based on a survey of more than 17,000 global citizens.
- Christianity (31.2%)
- Islam (24.1%)
- Irreligion (16%)
- Hinduism (15.1%)
- Buddhism (6.9%)
- Folk religions (5.7%)
- Sikhism (0.3%)
- Judaism (0.2%)
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- Jerusalem. In Jerusalem: Roman rule. Christian pilgrims to Jerusalem are not recorded until the 4th century. ...
- Palestine. In Palestine: Roman Palestine. ...
- Rome. In Rome: Factional struggles: papacy and nobility. ...
- Santiago de Compostela. In Santiago de Compostela.
For Christians, visiting Israel is often the pilgrimage of a lifetime. Every year, tens of thousands of Christians - both Protestants and Catholics - arrive in Israel, intent on exploring the life of Jesus.What does Holy Land mean? ›
the Holy Land
: the area in the Middle East where the events of the Bible happened.
A region on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean, in what is now Israel and Palestine, revered by Christians as the place in which Christ lived and taught, by Jews as the land given to the people of Israel, and by Muslims is known as Holy Lands.What is the Holy Land Catholic? ›
The Holy Land includes Israel, the Palestinian Territories, Jerusalem and Jordan. For some Eastern Churches, the Holy Land also includes Lebanon and Syria. The Christians of the Holy Land have a difficult vocation to live out in the land of the birth, death, and resurrection of Jesus.What is the holy land in Palestine? ›
This country received the name of Palestine, from the Philistines, who dwelt on the sea coast: it was called Judea, from Judah: and is termed the Holy Land, being the country where Jesus Christ was born, preached his holy doctrines, confirmed them by miracles, and laid down his life for mankind.
Canaan; Holy Land; Palestine; Promised Land.Why is it called Israel? ›
Abraham's descendants were thought to be enslaved by the Egyptians for hundreds of years before settling in Canaan, which is approximately the region of modern-day Israel. The word Israel comes from Abraham's grandson, Jacob, who was renamed “Israel” by the Hebrew God in the Bible.What was the original name of Israel? ›
The common ancestor of the Israelites was not a character named Israel, but Jacob (Ya'akov in Hebrew). Thus Jacob was renamed Israel after he battled with God and won - but what does the name literally mean?Why is Israel God's land? ›
Jewish religious belief defines the land as where Jewish religious law prevailed and excludes territory where it was not applied. It holds that the area is a God-given inheritance of the Jewish people based on the Torah, particularly the books of Genesis and Exodus, as well as on the later Prophets.Why should Christians go to Israel? ›
Not only is Israel considered Christianity's place of birth, but it helps Christians connect with their religion which is why it is vital for any Christian to make at least one trip to Israel in their lifetime. Visiting the Holy Land does help one visualize and reimagine the events that they read in the bible.What was the main city of the Holy Land? ›
Early History of Jerusalem
Scholars believe the first human settlements in Jerusalem took place during the Early Bronze Age—somewhere around 3500 B.C. In 1000 B.C., King David conquered Jerusalem and made it the capital of the Jewish kingdom. His son, Solomon, built the first holy Temple about 40 years later.
For Christians, visiting Israel is often the pilgrimage of a lifetime. Every year, tens of thousands of Christians - both Protestants and Catholics - arrive in Israel, intent on exploring the life of Jesus.Why do Catholics visit the Holy Land? ›
The Catholic Pilgrimage is an opportunity to explore the spiritual underpinnings of the Holy Land, including how geography, history, and culture have shaped individual and theological understandings.Who does the land of Palestine belong to? ›
Palestine is the birthplace of Judaism and Christianity, and has been controlled by many kingdoms and powers, including Ancient Egypt, Ancient Israel and Judah, the Persian Empire, Alexander the Great and his successors, the Hasmoneans, the Roman Empire, several Muslim Caliphates, and the Crusaders.
Much of this land is now considered present-day Israel. Today, Palestine theoretically includes the West Bank (a territory that sits between modern-day Israel and Jordan) and the Gaza Strip (which borders modern-day Israel and Egypt). However, control over this region is a complex and evolving situation.